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Thesis (Ph.D) - University of Birmingham, Faculty of Science, Department of Psychology.
|Statement||by Julie Anne Blackwell Young.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||255|
Download Factors affecting the performance of witnesses and jurors in the courtroom
Factors affecting the performance of witnesses and jurors in the courtroom. (Thesis) Blackwell Young JA. Publisher: University of Birmingham  Metadata Source: The British Library Type: Thesis. Abstract. No abstract supplied. Menu. Formats. Abstract Author: Blackwell Young Ja.
How much these factors actually affect jury verdicts is unknown, nevertheless one should be mindful that jurors notice. For example, following a recent lengthy trial, jurors commented to the court that they felt some of the parties were not paying attention to witnesses’ testimony if the litigants did not believe the testimony was relevant to.
A quivering voice is best left out of the courtroom unless the testimony is so driven with emotion due to the circumstances that it may move the jury panel.
It is both the words and the behavior that each juror may zero in on when placing weight and faith in the testimony of an expert witness.
– Factors influencing jury decision-making, including characteristics of the defendant and pre-trial publicity, including studies in this area. Twelve adults serve on the jury for a criminal case. They must follow strict rules to ensure that the case is handled fairly. The judge relies on them to make the decision.
• Jurors’ understanding of information, procedures and evidence. • Identifying those aspects of the trial jurors found difficult to comprehend. • The main factors which both enhance and undermine jurors’ confidence in the court and jury system.
• Jurors’ satisfaction with court facilities and services. A variety of factors beyond the evidence itself have been shown to influence jurors’ perceptions. One potentially biasing factor that has not received much attention is the design of the courtroom. the courtroom.
In this study, the effects of socioeconomic status and attractiveness of a female defendant on sentencing severity, perceived recidivism, and deservedness of punishment in a murder trial were examined.
The study was also designed to investigate how jurors may engage in cognitive processes such as motivated reasoning when biases. With regard to the jury's assessment of a client, research shows that attractiveness, attire, physical features, and body language are all important. In contrast to direct examination, cross examination calls for nonverbal tactics that discredit the witness; body language is used to intimidate or demean the witness.
Additionally, with easy access to social media sites like Facebook and Twitter, jurors could potentially know the factors that involve a case even. this could affect the jury selection more, because a large part of society has access to these sites, and finding a person who has not heard much about a big case will be difficult.
How jurors interpret evidence. Jurors will hear a great deal of testimony and may see physical evidence like firearms, pictures, and videos. Their biases can affect whether they believe what they hear or see and how much weight they give it. One juror may believe a witness’ testimony while another juror may have doubts about it.
Factors affecting the performance of witnesses and jurors in the courtroom Author: Blackwell Young, Julie Anne. ISNI: X Awarding Body: University of Birmingham Current Institution: University of Birmingham Date of Award. The jury junket.
After more than 30 years of research, psychologists have identified many variables affecting eyewitness identification. Factors like lighting, race, presence of a weapon and a witness's degree of trauma while seeing the perpetrator all may reduce the accuracy of identifications.
Narina Nunez Nightingale, Juror reactions to child victim witnesses: Factors affecting trial outcome., Law and Human Behavior, /BF, 17, 6, (), (). Crossref Natalie J.
Gabora, Nicholas P. Spanos, Amanda Joab, The effects of complainant age and expert psychological testimony in a simulated child sexual abuse trial., Law. A jury begins deliberation on a criminal case and initial attitudes are leaning neutral to slightly toward a guilty verdict.
After a few days of deliberation, however, the jury's attitudes have strengthened considerably toward a guilty verdict. This is an example of _____. Race And Jury: The Decision Making Of Juries And Race Words | 7 Pages. Race and Jury: The Decision-Making of Juries and Race When thinking of a jury, there is a belief that everyone is fair when it comes to making the decision of whether the person being accused of the crime is guilty or not guilty because of the person’s race.
Investigated whether information regarding the disposition of insanity acquittees and the defendant's mental state at the time of the trial, had a significant effect on mock jurors' verdicts. Two trials were used to assess whether results generalize across cases.
participants read excerpts from a trial in which the accused's mental state at the time of the trial (symptom free, neurotic. Courtroom style refers to how a lawyer and the witnesses tell their stories in the courtroom. Courtroom style techniques involve body movement, physical appearance, demeanor toward the jury, and use of language.
Courtroom style is an extra-legal basis for decisionmaking because lawyer or witness demeanor usually has no connection to the. There are many factors that influence court decisions. There are not supposed to be, but there are. Ideally, the only thing that will influence the decision a court makes is the law.
Jurors’ subconscious or implicit bias may affect whether they’re persuaded by witnesses from certain ethnic or class backgrounds. How Jurors’ Preconceptions Affect Whether They Believe Witnesses. Of course, a witness’s credibility can be a subjective question, especially when it comes to appearance and demeanor.
These are used to exclude potential jurors from service on the jury because of bias or a similar reason. challenges for cause An exception to mock jury exercises is found in the work of the ____, an ongoing research program in which in-depth post-trial interviews are conducted with members of capital juries.
1/12/В В Juror reactions to child victim witnesses - Factors affecting trial outcome. Article (PDF Available) in Law and Human Behavior 17(6):the impact of вЂ¦ To date, much of the research on mock jurors'reactions to children's testimony has focused on children as bystander witnesses to crimes suchas theftorvehicularhomicide(e.g.
Here, we discuss factors that might affect the resolution of your criminal case. Phone: COVID Update - Our office is OPEN and. Factors affecting jury decision making. Paper presented at the meeting of the Speech Communication Association, Denver, Colorado.
51 Spiecker, S. C., and Worthington, D. The influence of opening statement/closing argument organizational strategy on juror verdict and damage awards. Law and Human Behavior, 27. Expert Witness Confidence and Juror Personality: Their Impact on Credibility and Persuasion in the Courtroom Robert J.
Cramer, MA, Stanley L. Brodsky, PhD, and Jamie DeCoster, PhD. Mock jurors (N = ) read a mock trial transcript that examined the influence of age of witness (child vs. adult), the witness’s relationship to the crime (bystander vs.
victim), and the type of eyewitness identification decision (positive vs. foil vs. nonidentification) on their perception of the witness’s accuracy for other crime details, credibility, and verdict.
Tragically, people may leave the courtroom worse off than when they came in having suffered “Jurigenic Harm.”  Some of the health issues and risk factors that individuals exposed to ACEs in childhood experience at a higher rate than those who did not have trauma include.
After surveying jurors over several months of complex criminal trials, the judge found that anywhere from 72 to percent of jurors reacted positively to the incorporation of new technology–the lower figure pertaining exclusively to whether attorneys knew how to properly operate the advanced equipment.
Technology in the courtroom: The. mock jurors react to expert testimony about, for example, statistical evi-dence, the battered woman syndrome, or factors affecting eyewitness identi-fication. However, there has been less work on jurors' reactions to the most common types of expert evidence, such as.
The changes have major implications for American jurisprudence--particularly how courtroom technologies affect judges' and jurors' decisions. Yet the effect of courtroom technology on the adversarial process has been little studied, say psychologists.
Cases Studies of Jurors Asking Questions. Professor Nancy Marder, director of IIT Chicago-Kent's Jury Center and author of the book "The Jury Process," researched the effectiveness of juror questions and determined that the justice is fully served when a jury is informed and understands all the mechanisms that go into their role as juror, including testimony given, evidence shown and.
Nor should a juror carry on a conversation with another juror in the courtroom during the trial. Jurors will be treated with consideration. Their comfort and convenience will be served whenever possible. They should bring to the attention of the judge any matter affecting their service and should notify the court of any emergencies.
jury performance in light of what psychology can offer. Assessing Jury Decisions The greatest difficulty in assessing jury decisions—from either a psychological or a legal perspective—is the impossibility, in most cases, of knowing whether the jury reached the.
The purpose of the present research is to examine whether jurors' perceptions of attorneys and their performance influences verdicts.
Five hundred seventy-two jurors ( criminal, civil, and 2 unidentified trial types) completed surveys rating Prosecution/Plaintiff and Defense attorneys on seven aspects of the attorneys and their performance–opening statements, evidence presentation.
The testimony of eyewitness identification experts can aid jurors in understanding the psychology of mistaken identifications, but jurors ultimately have to try to decipher the accuracy of an identification on their own.
Given what we know about the vagaries of eyewitness ID, this can be a difficult task. How to Get a Witness to Look at the Jury. Some witnesses get nervous and, in their attempt to focus on the question being asked, forget to look at the jury. A simple cue such as, “Please explain to the jury,” will reorient the witness to glance at the jury during her answer.
Conclusion. A witness’s credibility can be significantly. The physical courtroom layout can affect even the most basic aspects of the experience, such as the witness’s ability to see and hear.
In addition, a courtroom-like setting can help witnesses get acquainted with the feeling of testifying at a distance from the attorneys or the judge, and learn the ins and outs of interacting with trial. Maryland Law Review Volume 70|Issue 4 Article 6 Teach Your Jurors Well: Using Jury Instructions to.
An expert witness can be of great help to the trial attorney in facili-tating jury comprehension of complex issues.3 The expert is usually cast in the role of expert witness testifying at trial. An expert, however, can provide at least two additional valuable contributions to the trial attorney in complex cases.
courtroom is viewed as a theater in which the parties act out a human drama and the jury provides the conclusion. Formal evidence continues to play an important role, but other factors that constitute non-evidence, such as the defendant’s demeanor off the stand, may affect the outcome of a case.
An eyewitness testimony is a statement given under oath by a person present at an event who can describe what happened. During circumstances in which a child is a witness to the event, the child can be used to deliver a testimony on the stand.
The credibility of a child, however, is often questioned due to their underdeveloped memory capacity and overall brain physiology. Is The 'CSI Effect' Influencing Courtrooms?
Many prosecutors complain that shows like CSI make their job harder, as jurors demand ultra-high-tech tests to convict an investigation by.The jury has been one of the most mysterious forces in United States law.
Critics have leveled extensive allegations that juries are unpredictable, unrepresentative of the population of the United States, biased, and irresponsible. Research into jury decision making has shed light on many phenomena in criminal and civil legal systems, but many questions remain.
Unfortunately for witnesses, we’ve often had jurors tell us in post-trial interviews that “the truth is the truth,” so if a witness is telling the truth, he shouldn’t be nervous after testimony gets underway.
As a result, many of the common nervous ticks described above can actually hurt a witness’ credibility in the courtroom.